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2019三八妇女节的由来_国际妇女节的由来(中英双语版)

2019-02-20 11:39:00| 齐齐哈尔中公教育
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2019三八妇女节的由来_国际妇女节的由来(中英双语版)

1910年,第二次关于劳动妇女的国际会议在哥本哈根举行。一位名叫克拉拉·蔡特金(Clara

Zetkin)(德国的社会民族党妇女办公室主席)的妇女提交了关于国际妇女节的议案。她提议,每个国家每年都应该在某一天来庆祝妇女的节日,以便表达她们的要求。参加会议的100多名妇女来自世界17个国家,她们有来自工会的,社会政党的,妇女俱乐部的,包括3名芬兰议会选举的女性,以一致通过的方式产生了国际妇女节。

In 1910 a second International Conference of Working Women was held in Copenhagen. A woman named Clara Zetkin (Leader of the ‘Women’s Office’ for the Social Democratic Party in Germany) tabled the idea of an International Women’s Day. She proposed that every year in every country there should be a celebration on the same day - a Women’s Day - to press for their demands. The conference of over 100 women from 17 countries, representing unions, socialist parties, working women’s clubs, and including the first three women elected to the Finnish parliament, greeted Zetkin’s suggestion with unanimous approval and thus International Women’s Day was the result.

1911年的第一届妇女节超过了所有的预期。在全世界的各个角落甚至是小村庄组织召开了会议,以至于男人们被要求放弃他们的位置给妇女们。男人们呆在家里照顾其孩子,他们的妻子,曾经在家的家庭主妇去参加会议。

Success of the first International Women’s Day in 1911 exceeded all expectation.Meetings were organized everywhere in small towns and even the villages halls were packed so full that male workers were asked to give up their places for women.

Men stayed at home with their children for a change, and their wives, the captive housewives, went to meetings.

在最大的街道上有3万多名妇女在游行,警察决定把游行的横幅标语拿走才使得妇女们能有个站立的地方。在接下来的对峙中,只有在国会社会代表的帮助下才避免了流血事件。

During the largest street demonstration of 30,000 women, the police decided to remove the demonstrators’ banners so the women workers made a stand. In the scuffle that followed, bloodshed was averted only with the help of the socialist deputies in Parliament.

1913年的国际妇女节改为3月8日,这一天被保留了下来,并且作为至今的国际妇女节。

In 1913 International Women’s Day was transferred to 8 March and this day has remained the global date for International Wommen’s Day ever since.

在1975年的国际妇女节上,联合国正式给予国际妇女节官方确认,并且被许多国家的政府采纳接受,现在国际妇女节在中国,亚美尼亚,俄罗斯,阿塞拜疆,白俄罗斯,保加利亚,哈萨克斯坦,吉尔吉斯斯坦,马其顿,摩尔多瓦,乌克兰和越南等国家作为一个节假日。

During International Women’s Year in 1975, IWD was given official recognition by the United Nations and was taken up by many governments. International Women’s Day is marked by a national holiday in China, Armenia, Russia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Moldova, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and Vietnam.

第一个国际妇女节

第一个国际妇女节于1911年3月8日,由德国社会民主党“妇女办公室”领导人克拉拉。蔡特金发动,在哥本哈根举行。

In 1991, a handful of men in Canada launched the “white ribbon” campaign, which delivers the message that men are opposed to some other men’s violence against women.

1991年,由一群加拿大男性公民倡议发起的“白丝带”活动,就是关注女性、保护女性的最好例证。

Women’s Day marks the role of women in both past and the present. However , the day is not a one-day routine. The real challenge lies in the spontaneous flow of feelings – honoring and celebrating womanhood on a particular March 8 only to forget its importance the next day is sacrilegious.

“国际妇女节”意在凸显女性在社会中的重要角色。我们最大的挑战在于:3月8日这天,各种庆祝活动大张旗鼓;3月8日之后,一切“绚丽”关注烟消云散。

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